The Seven Motivation Theories

Photo by Tegan Mierle on Unsplash

Motivation is the process or mindset that an individual has as direction, intensity, and persistence towards achieving a goal. The level of motivation varies depending on the individual, and it can change over time and situation. There are many theories on motivation; each one will be briefly explained as follows:

#1 Maslow’s theory

The popular Motivation theory by Maslow states how people satisfy personal needs in the context of their work (Neher, 1991). The different hierarchies of needs defined by Maslow are:

  1. Physiological needs like (food, water, oxygen).
  2. Safety-security needs.
  3. Social needs.
  4. Esteem needs.
  5. Need for self-actualization.

#2 McClelland’s theory

Another theory is McClelland’s theory that describes the needs that specific individual needs and they are acquired over time and shaped by one’s life experience. The needs consist of needs of:

  1. Needs for achievement.
  2. Needs for affiliation.
  3. Needs for power.

#3 Self-Determination theory

Self-Determination is a fundamental concept of self-control, where an individual prefers to feel responsible and have control over their actions that shape their destiny.

#4 Goal-setting theory

Setting goals are essential for any leader to make employees want to achieve a task at a particular time and deadline.

#5 Self-efficiency theory

This is when an individual is sure that they can achieve the task at hand under the given circumstances.

#6 Reinforcement theory

It is defined as the behavior as a function of its consequences. This happens when an individual is forcing himself to achieve a task and direct his actions.

#7 Social learning theory

An individual learns along the way through both observation and direct experience from others or past experiences.

References:
Neher, A. (1991). Maslow's Theory of Motivation: A Critique. Journal of Humanistic Psychology.

Thanks for reading; I hope you enjoyed it.
If you did, it would be great to share it.
You can reach me at @alounpro on Twitter.
Have a lovely day!

Ahmad Aloun

--

--

--

・Writing・Self Development・Productivity・Entrepreneurship・E-Commerce・Business・

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Recommended from Medium

To what extent are people responsible for their implicit attitudes?

Why do we Watch Sports?

Happiness Increasing Activities

The word has power

Removing Anger

What You Need To Know About Personality Types In The Workforce

ITS OKAY TO RESPOND: you can kiss my ARSE, my story is here to stay kissyp…ssy♥Ü | Mae Jacolo…

How to Identify an Addictive Mobile Application?

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Ahmad Aloun

Ahmad Aloun

・Writing・Self Development・Productivity・Entrepreneurship・E-Commerce・Business・

More from Medium

Forget Being at the Top, aim for the “Average”

graphic with blue background, showing average curve

What Should You Bring To the World?

Practical Benefits I Experienced From Minimalism

A tree in the middle of nowhere

What to do when you don’t know what to do?

Pictrue by http://www.neuropowergroup.com/